The use of rugs as a covering of floor has been on the rise since its introduction. The artistic design, natural colour and exclusive materials of a rug mainly deserve the credit for its increasing demand throughout the world.
A rug can be designed in two ways. One comes directly from the designer’s mind to the rug and the other comes indirectly from an already drawn pattern. Most of the finest rugs that catch the attention of the buyers are found to be designed from cartoons sketched on a paper. Such methods of designing rugs result in diversity of patterns that add to the beauty of the rug.
From the earliest times to the 19th century, natural colours were the sole contributor to dying the rugs. Most of the natural colours came from various types of plants like indigo, madder, sumac, woad and genista; whereas some others came from insects and mollusks. Various types of chemicals were added to improve the natural colours. Most often these natural colours have been found to be of very good quality. With their exclusive beauty and durability, they have dominated in this field for quite a long time. During the late nineteenth century, synthetic dyes became very popular in Europe as well as in Asia. However, they did not last long because of their poor durability and garish colours. Though synthetic dyes were improved afterwards, they were never a perfect match for natural dyes and gradually faded away.
Sheep’s wool has always been the best choice for most rug weavers. Its durability and softness mostly deserve the credit for its wide use. Goat wool and camel wool are also used for rugs, though they are not as demandable as sheep’s wool. Silk is an expensive material used for rugs. Some Persian carpets made in the 16th and 17th century are totally of silk. Lilen and fabrics have also been used in different times for weaving rugs.
An artistic rug adds to the beauty of a floor to a great extent, and therefore, it is always of high demand to people all over the world. But the things that make a rug attractive include its design, colour and materials. When all these things are good in quality, a weaver is sure to present us with an artistic rug.